People living in correctional or detention facilities who are potentially exposed to HIV have the same right to assessment and PEP provision as the general population. This guideline, including consent, confidentiality and scope of testing, applies equally to this population.
People living in correctional or detention facilities who are potentially exposed to HIV sexually, through injecting drug use, or through other means require assessment for PEP as soon as possible after exposure.
HIV point prevalence in Australian correctional facilities is estimated at below 0.1%,115 although this figure was obtained from small, potentially biased samples and should be interpreted with caution.
Timely disclosure of exposure is a limiting factor in these circumstances. The provision of risk assessment and PEP in correctional facilities should be available across all jurisdictions.